Ionophoresis is a transdermal method of drug administration
Ionophoresis as a transdermal method of drug administration
Ionophoresis allows for the transcutaneous introduction of chemicals into a patient’s body. During the treatment procedure, skin continuity is not affected. The only condition that needs to be fulfilled to introduce the substance into a patient’s body is the possibility of ion dissociation.
Substances used in ionophoresis
To perform ionophoresis treatment it is very important to place the base with the active ingredient under a proper electrode. In the case of the wrong application, medicine will not be introduced into the tissue.
|Drug – name and form||Pole, from which we introduce drug||Effect and application|
|Calcium chloride 1-2%||+||difficult bone union, desensitizing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic|
|Diclofenac 2,5% solution|| |
|Diclofenac gel 1%|
|Ketaprofen 0,1% solution|
|Ketaprofen gel 2,5%|
|Ibuprofen 2,0% aqueous solution|
|Ibupforen gel 5%|
In the ionophoresis treatment, it is very important to ascertain whether the substance which we want to introduce does not affect sensitization. This can be done by taking the patient’s medical history and by skin test, which is application of medicine on the skin. Carelessness may even lead to an anaphylactic shock.
Another important issue to keep in mind is the purity of pads. What is an advantage of direct current, namely the introduction of substances into the patient’s body, may be hazardous in the case of pads filled with contaminated material.
It is possible to use phonophoresis to apply into the patient’s body a substance which is not present in ionic form.